Neto, Agostinho

(1922–1979)
   Political leader of the Movimento Popular de Libertação de Angola (MPLA), and first president of independent Angola, Neto was a leading African Marxist. Born in a village near Luanda, Angola, he was one of the fortunate few to receive an education in Angola, which was then a Portuguese colony. He went on to work for the Luanda colonial health service before in 1947 going to Portugal as a recipient of a Methodist scholarship to train as a doctor. In Portugal he joined an anti-Salazar youth movement (the MUD-J), and his political activities led to his arrest in 1951, 1952 and 1955, the last of these resulting in a two-year jail term. He qualified as a doctor in 1958 and returned to Luanda in 1959, where he opened a medical practice and worked secretly for the MPLA. He was again arrested in 1960 and sent to Cape Verde, where he was rearrested in 1961 and sent to prison in Portugal. On his release he escaped from Portugal where he was still subject to residence restrictions and police surveillance, ending up in Kinshasa where he was formally elected president of the MPLA at its first national conference. From 1961 until he died of cancer in 1979, Neto led the MPLA.
   Neto and the MPLA, while on the one hand clearly nationalist in character, were also Marxist. Neto’s Marxism began to develop while a student in Portugal, and although he was careful not to proclaim it while involved in the struggle for independence, his commitment to Marxist socialism became clear with the establishment of the People’s Republic of Angola in 1975. Doctrines of scientific socialism and MarxismLeninism became explicit, and the MPLA became the MPLAWorkers’ Party based on Marxist–Leninist notions of the vanguard party and democratic centralism.

Historical dictionary of Marxism. . 2014.

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  • Neto, Agostinho — ▪ president of Angola in full  António Agostinho Neto   born Sept. 17, 1922, Icolo e Bengo, Angola died Sept. 10, 1979, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R.       poet, physician, and first president of the People s Republic of Angola.       Neto first… …   Universalium

  • Neto — (Agostinho) (1922 1979) homme politique et poète angolais. Il dirigea la lutte pour l indépendance et devint, en 1975, le premier président de la rép. pop. d Angola. Poète de langue portugaise, il a publié en 1974 l Espérance sacrée …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Agostinho Neto — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Neto. Agostinho Neto Mandats …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Agostinho Neto — Büste in Windhoek, Namibia António Agostinho Neto (* 17. September 1922 in Ícolo e Bengo, Angola; † 10. September 1979 in Moskau) war von 1975 bis 1979 der erste Präsident von Angola, Arzt, Dichter und nationalistischer Führer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Agostinho Neto Pioneer Organization — ( pt. Organização de Pioneiros Agostinho Neto, OPA) is a pioneer movement in Angola. Founded as the Pioneers in 1975, the organization took the name of the nation s first president Agostinho Neto at its second conference in November 1979,… …   Wikipedia

  • Neto — se puede referir a: Neto, que puede significar como limpio o también como una cantidad restante; Neto, un sufijo usado en los países de habla portuguesa para distinguir a un nieto de su abuelo, cuando toma el mismo nombre propio: António… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Neto — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Agostinho Neto (1922 1979), erster Präsident von Angola Álvaro Affonso de Miranda Neto (* 1973), auch Doda, brasilianischer Springreiter Antônio de Sousa Neto Franco José Vieira Neto (* 1966),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Agostinho — hace referencia a: António Agostinho Neto, primer presidente de Angola. Joaquim Agostinho, ciclista portugués. Joaquín Agostinho, futbolista portugués. Trofeo Joaquim Agostinho, competición ciclista internacional en Portugal. Esta página de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Neto —   [ nɛtu],    1) António Agostinho, angolanischer Politiker und Lyriker (in portugiesischer Sprache), * Kaxikane (bei Luanda) 17. 9. 1922, ✝ Moskau 11. 9. 1979; Arzt; zwischen 1952 und 1962 mehrfach in Haft, seit 1962 Vorsitzender des marxistisch …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Agostinho Neto — Infobox President|name=António Agostinho Neto order=1st President of Angola term start=11 November 1975 term end=10 September 1979 predecessor= successor=José Eduardo dos Santos birth date=birth date|1922|9|17|mf=y birth place=Bengo, Angola death …   Wikipedia

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